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Date 1812. horrid fate which we are about to remove for ever from before us By means of such atrocious policy, they have succeeded in making our brethren insensible to our misfortunes; in arming them against us; in erasing from their bosoms the sweet impressions of friendship, of consanguinity; and converting into enemies a part of our own great family. If you believe that something has been posted that is or might be a copyright infringement, or that is inaccurate, please alert us at once. We, therefore, in the name and by the will and authority which we hold from the virtuous People of Venezuela, DO declare solemnly to the world, that its united Provinces are, and ought to be, from this day, by act and right, Free, Sovereign, and Independent States; and that they are absolved from every submission and dependence on the Throne of Spain, or on those who do, or may call themselves its Agents and Representatives; and that a free and independent State, thus constituted, has full power to take that form of Government which may be conformable to the general will of the People, to declare war, make peace, form alliances, regulate treaties of commerce, limits, and navigation; and to do and transact every act, in like manner as other free and independent States. Emperor of in consequence of which, even the Governments of Spain have already declared their resolution only to acknowledge him conditionally, But we, who glory in grounding our proceedings on better principles, and not wishing to establish our felicity on the misfortunes of our fellow-beings, do consider and declare as friends, companions of our fate, and participators of our felicity, those who, united to us by the ties of blood, language, and religion, have suffered the same evils in the anterior order of things, provided they acknowledge our, the United Provinces of Venezuela, calling on the SUPREME BEING to witness the justice of our proceedings and the rectitude of our intentions, do implore his divine and celestial help; and ratifying, at the moment in which we are born to the dignity which his Providence restores to us, the desire we have of living and dying free, and of believing and defending the holy Catholic and Apostolic Religion of Jesus Christ. The enezuelanV Declaration of Independence was the product of both a complicate network of local politics and revolutionary forces encompassing at least three continents. The first years of the nineteenth century were turbulent ones in Europe, particularly in Spain. By such a conduct, they were left disqualified and incapable of governing a Free People, whom they delivered up like a flock of Slaves. Declaration of Independence U.S. Constitution Magna Carta Declaration of Sentiments Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Order Your Homework Today! This disorder has increased the ills of America, by rendering void its claims and remonstrances, enabling the Governors of Spain to insult and oppress this part of the Nation, thus leaving it without the succor and guarantee of the Laws. Link to Spanish text and images of original: https://scholarship.rice.edu/jsp/xml/1911/9253/1/, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venezuelan_Declaration_of_Independence#/media/File:Firma_del_acta_de_independencia_de_Venezuela.jpg, Independence in Latin America: Contrasts and Comparisons, Richard Graham, Austin: The University of Texas Press, 2013, Your email address will not be published. Ferdinand VII, the heir to the Spanish crown, was a prisoner of Napoleon of France, who became the de facto (if indirect) ruler of Spain. Venezuela’s independence from Spain was announced on July 5, 1811 while the July 13, 1830 is … Emparán was stripped of authority and sent back to Spain. The April 19 pronouncement was not the first of its kind in Latin America: the city of Quito had made a similar pronouncement in August of 1809. The Venezuelan Declaration of Independence relied heavily upon what other documents? Americans celebrate with picnics, parades, barbeques and fireworks. Still, the independence of Caracas had much longer lasting effects than that of Quito, which was quickly put down. Longman and Co., 1812. and Nature assign to us, and to which we are called by the succession of human events, and urged by our own good and utility. Today’s Doodle celebrates Venezuelan Independence Day on the 209th anniversary of its declaration of autonomy from Spanish rule. The First Republic of Venezuela was lost in 1812 following the 1812 Caracas earthquake and the Battle of La Victoria (1812). Venezuela marks its Independence Day year on July 5 which celebrates the anniversary since the enactment of the 1811 Venezuelan Declaration of Independence, making the country the first Spanish colony in South America to declare independence. As you can see from the declaration, it serves as a moral operating system for the new republic, placing premiums on equality and freedom of expression, which were forbidden during their three centuries  as a colony of Spain. This led to fighting and a de facto Civil War in Venezuela. Declaration of Independence U.S. Constitution Magna Carta Declaration of Sentiments Universal Declaration of Human Rights Weegy: Magna Carta (Latin for Great Charter, literally "Great Paper"), also called Magna Carta Libertatum (Great Charter of Freedoms), is an English legal charter, originally … Choose all that apply. Ask your question. In January of 1809, a representative of the Joseph Bonaparte government arrived in Caracas and demanded that taxes continue to be paid and that the colony recognize Joseph as their monarch. The Venezuelan Declaration of Independence relied heavily upon what other documents? Today, on the 209th anniversary of the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence, the United States reaffirms our solidarity with the people of Venezuela. The Venezuelan War of Independence was led by General Simón Bolívar. —Juan Bermudez, Deputy for the South.—Mariano de la Cova, Deputy for the North —For Barcelona— Francisco Miranda, Deputy of Pao.—Francisco Policarpo Ortiz, Deputy for San Diego.—For Barinas— Juan Nepomuceno de Quintana, Deputy for Achaguas. Independence Day is a public holiday in Venezuela. Jozé Vicente Unda, Deputy of Guanare.—Francisco Xavier Yanes, Deputy of Araure.—Fernando Toro, Deputy of Caracas. It is contrary to order, impossible to the Government of Spain, and fatal to the welfare of America, that the latter, possessed of a range of country infinitely more extensive, and a population incomparably more numerous, should depend and be subject to a Peninsular Corner of the European Continent. On July 5, 1811 seven of the ten Venezuelan provinces gained their independence from the Spanish crown. Your email address will not be published. In 1808, Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Spain and put his brother Joseph on the throne, throwing Spain and its colonies into chaos. Declaration of Independence in Venezuela Is Declaration of Independence a Public Holiday? On July 5, 1811, the ruling junta voted in favor of complete Independence from Spain - their self-rule was no longer dependent on the state of the Spanish king. The elite of Caracas agreed on a provisional independence from Spain: they were rebelling against Joseph Bonaparte, not the Spanish crown, and would mind their own affairs until Ferdinand VII was restored. Today, on the 209th anniversary of the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence, the United States reaffirms our solidarity with the people of Venezuela. The people of Venezuela commemorate the anniversary of their Declaration of Independence on April 19. Venezuela - Venezuela - The independence movement: A group of Venezuelan Creoles boldly proclaimed their country an independent republic in 1797. History. Fun Fact: The Fourth of July was not declared a national holiday until 1941. America was called into a new existence, since she could, and ought, to take upon herself the charge of her own fate and preservation; as Spain might acknowledge, or not, the rights of a King, who had preferred his own existence to the dignity of the Nation over which he governed. By early 1810, Venezuela was ready for independence. In order to crush and suppress the effects of our Representation, when they were obliged to grant it to us, we were submitted to a paltry and diminutive scale; and the form of election was subjected to the passive voice of the Municipal Bodies, degraded by the despotism of the Governors: which amounted to an insult to our plain dealing and good faith, more than a consideration of our incontestable political importance. —Gabriel Perez de Pagola, Deputy of Ospino.—Salvador Delgado, Deputy for Nirgua.—The Marquis Delgado, Deputy for Nirgua.—The Marquis del Toro, Deputy for the City of Tocuyo.—Juan Antonio Dias Argote, Deputy for the Town of Cura.— Gabriel de Ponte, Deputy for Caracas.—Juan Jozé Maya, Deputy of San Felipe.—Luis Jozé de Cazorla, Deputy of Valencia.—Dr. All over Venezuela, cities and towns decided either to follow Caracas' lead or not: many cities chose to remain under Spanish rule. On 5 July 1811, seven of the ten provinces of the Captaincy General of Venezuela declared their independence in the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence. The Venezuelan Declaration of Independence is a statement adopted by a congress of Venezuelan provinces on July 5, 1811, through which Venezuelans made the decision to break away from the Spanish Crown in order to establish a new nation based on the premises of equality of individuals, abolition of censorship and dedication to freedom of expression. In consequence of all these solid, public, and incontestable reasons of policy, which so powerfully urge the necessity of recovering our natural dignity, restored to us by the order of events; and in compliance with the imprescriptible rights enjoyed by nations, to destroy every pact, agreement, or association, which does not answer the purposes for which governments were established; we believe that we cannot, nor ought not, to preserve the bonds which hitherto kept us united to the Government of Spain; and that, like all the other nations of the world, we are free, and authorised not to depend on any other authority than our own, and to take amongst the powers of the earth the place of equality which the Supreme Being. On April 17, 1810, however, news reached Caracas that the government loyal to Ferdinand had been crushed by Napoleon. At a time that we, faithful to our promises, were sacrificing our security and civil dignity, not to abandon the rights which we generously preserved to Ferdinand of Bourbon, we have seen that, to the relations of force which bound him to the the French, he has added the ties of blood and friendship; Emperor of in consequence of which, even the Governments of Spain have already declared their resolution only to acknowledge him conditionally*. For the Province of Caracas, Isidoro Antonio Lopez Mendez, Deputy of the City of Caracas.—Juan German Roscio, for the district of the Town of Calabozo.— Felipe Fermin Paul, for the district of San Sebastian. It is a day off for the general population, and schools and most businesses are closed. WE the Representatives of the united Provinces of CARACAS, CUMANA, VARINAS, MARGARITA, BARCELONA, MERIDA, and TRUJILLO, forming the American Confederation of Venezuela, in the South Continent, in Congress assembled, considering the full and absolute possession of our Rights, which we recovered justly and legally from the 19th of April, 1810, in consequence of the occurrences in Bayona, and the occupation of the Spanish Throne by conquest, and the succession of a new Dynasty, constituted without our consent: are desirous, before we make use of those Rights, of which we have been deprived by force for more than three ages, but now restored to us by the political order of human events, to make known to the world  the reasons which have emanated from these same occurrences, and which authorize us in the free use we are now about to make of our own Sovereignty. Though patriotic forces in eVnezuela had been opposing Spanish rule for decades, these early uprising were primarily civil wars (Marsland 99). —Francisco Xavier Uztariz, for the district of San Sebastian.—Nicolas De Castro, Deputy for Caracas. All the Bourbons concurred to the invalid stipulations of Bayona, abandoning the country of Spain, against the will of the People;—they violated, disdained, and trampled on the sacred duty they had contracted with the Spaniards of both Worlds, when with their blood and treasure they had placed them on the Throne, in despite of the House of Austria. Is Declaration of Independence a Public Holiday? Although their effort failed, it forewarned of the revolutionary movements that were soon to inflame Latin America. Without taking the least notice of our reasons, without presenting them to the impartial judgment of the world, and without any other judges than our own enemies, we are condemned to a mournful incommunication with our brethren; and, to add contempt to calumny, empowered agents are named for us, against our own express will, that in their Cortes they may arbitrarily dispose of our interests, under the influence and force of our enemies. —Juan Antonio Rodriguez Dominguez, President, and Deputy for Nutrias in Barinas.—Luis Ignacio Mendoza, Vice-President, Deputy of Obispos in Barinas. A Congress was called in early 1811 to solve the bitter fighting among Venezuelans. The Venezuelan people are suffering under an illegitimate and tyrannical regime intent on destroying democratic institutions, abusing human rights, engaging in rampant corruption, and exploiting the worst economic and humanitarian crisis in recent … The republic of Venezuela celebrates its independence from Spain on two different dates: April 19, when an initial declaration of semi-independence from Spain was signed in 1810, and July 5, when a more definitive break was signed in 1811. The Declaration of Independence is heavily based on John Locke's ideas in his "Second Treatise of Government". The first Declaration of Independence of the Spanish America was Venezuela’s, on July 5, 1811, written by Juan Germán Roscio and Francisco Isnardi, and approved by elected lawmakers from seven provinces. Although it was nominally loyal to Ferdinand - the official name of the ruling junta was "Junta of conservation of the rights of Ferdinand VII" - the government of Caracas was, in fact, quite independent. It refused to recognize the Spanish shadow government that was loyal to Ferdinand, and many Spanish officers, bureaucrats, and judges were sent back to Spain along with Emparán. And that this, our solemn Declaration, may be held valid, firm, and durable, we hereby mutually bind each Province to the other, and pledge our lives, fortunes, and the sacred tie of our national honor. The country’s official name is República Bolivariana de Venezuela (English: Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. It is observed on July 5th. Required fields are marked *. Declaration of Independence is a public holiday. The Venezuelan Declaration of Independence relied heavily upon what other documents? The origins of the movement that culminated in the declaration of independence on July 5, 1811 establishing the First Republic rest on the events of April 19, 1810. Christopher Minster, Ph.D., is a professor at the ​Universidad San Francisco de Quito in Ecuador. Venezuela declared its independence from Spain in 1811. Venezuela has long been part of the Spanish colonial rule starting on … Description of the project: This digitized text is part of the Our Americas Archive Partnership (OAAP) project. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venezuelan_Declaration_of_Independence But we, who glory in grounding our proceedings on better principles, and not wishing to establish our felicity on the misfortunes of our fellow-beings, do consider and declare as friends, companions of our fate, and participators of our felicity, those who, united to us by the ties of blood, language, and religion, have suffered the same evils in the anterior order of things, provided they acknowledge our absolute independence of the same, and of any other foreign power whatever; that they aid us to sustain it with their lives, fortune, and sentiments; declaring and acknowledging them (as well as to every other nation,) in war enemies, and in peace friends, brothers, and co-patriots. Celebration\ Observance. A ruling junta was proclaimed and Juan de Las Casas, the Captain-General of Venezuela, was deposed. Declaration of Independence of Venezuela – July 5, 1811. Venezuela was the first South American nation to have an uprising for independence, led at first by Francisco de Miranda, and then by Simon Bolivar and Jose Felix Ribas, who were inspired by the American Revolution. Declaration of Independence Day in Venezuela is always on April 19th each year and celebrates declaration of independence of local Junta in Caracas on April 19th, 1810. Contact info: woodson@rice.edu. Still, they made some quick decisions: they outlawed enslavement, exempted Indigenous People from paying tribute, reduced or removed trade barriers, and decided to send envoys to the United States and Britain. We have over 1500 academic writers ready and waiting to help you achieve academic success. 1 2 4. Venezuela holidays 2021. Editor’s Note:  July 5, 1811 heralded Venezuela’s formal break with the Spanish crown when its members of congress approved the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence, which was clearly influenced by our July 4, 1776 declaration. We do not wish, nevertheless, to begin by alleging the rights inherent in every conquered country, to recover its state of property and independence; we generously forget the long series of ills, injuries, and privations, which the sad right of conquest has indistinctly caused, to all the descendants of the Discoverers, Conquerors, and Settlers of these Countries, plunged into a worse state by the very same cause that ought to have favored them; and, drawing a veil over the 300 years of Spanish dominion in America, we will now only present to view the authentic and well-known facts, which ought to have wrested from one world, the right over the other, by the inversion, disorder, and conquest, that have already dissolved the Spanish Nation. We reserve the right to make changes to the information on the site without notice. Source(s): Venezuelan Declaration of Independence and Constitution (Longman and Co., 1812) Source Identifier: Americas collection, 1811-1920, MS 518, Box 2 folder 02, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University. There are 256 days left in the year. —Ignacio Fernandez, Deputy for the Capital of Barinas.—Ignacio Ramon Briceño, Representative of Pedraza.—Jozé de Sata y Bussy, Deputy for San Fernando de Apure.—Jozé Luis Cabrera, Deputy for Guanarito.—Ramon Ignacio Mendez, Deputy for Guasdualito.—Manuel Palacio, Deputy for Mijagual. It followed the first declaration of independence in South America. 4. Statement by the President on Venezuelan Independence Day Office of the Press Secretary FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE July 5, 2020 Today, on the 209th anniversary of the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence, the United States reaffirms our solidarity with the people of Venezuela. View online (with page images) View markup: Description. The message comes as Iran sent four tankers laden with fuel and one with food to Venezuela in recent weeks despite unilateral sanctions of the US … Declaration of Independence of Venezuela – July 5, 1811. The Act of the Declaration of Independence of Venezuela is a document in which seven Spanish Provinces belonging to the Captaincy General of Venezuela in South America declared their independence from the Kingdom of Spain and explained their reasons for this action. First edition. It marks the anniversary of the publication of the Declaration of Independence from Great Britain in 1776. Known in Spanish as 'Diade Independencia' or 'Cinco de julio', this day is the National Day of Venezuela and commemorates the signing of the 1811 Venezuelan Declaration of Independence. He appealed to Venezuelans in the city of Trujillo for support Even those Creoles who supported Spain in the New World were appalled. Answer 4.5 /5 9. izzydogg +19 kaypeeoh72z and 19 … Order an Essay … In this mournful alternative we have remained three years, in a state of political indecision and ambiguity, so fatal and dangerous, that this alone would suffice to authorise the resolution, which the faith of our promises and the bonds of fraternity had caused us to defer, till necessity has obliged us to go beyond what. 1) Declaration of Independence 2) U.S. Constitution 3) Magna Carta 4) Declaration of Sentiments 5) Universal Declaration of Human Rights. April 19, 1810: Venezuela Declares Independence. Francisco de Miranda was … —Fernando de Peñalver, Deputy for Valencia. The city erupted into chaos once more. Simón Bolívar fled to New Granada—present-day Colombia—to continue the fight against Spain. In the Name of the All-powerful God. And that this, our solemn Declaration, may be held valid, firm, and durable, we hereby mutually bind each Province to the other, and pledge our lives, fortunes, and the sacred tie of our national honor. Done in the Federal Palace of Caracas; signed by our own hands, sealed with the great Provisional Seal of the Confederation, and countersigned by the Secretary of Congress, this 5th day of July, 1811, the first of our Independence. Declaration of Independence of Venezuela – July 5, 1811. —For Margarita—Manuel Placido Maneyro.— For Merida.—Antonio Nicolas Briceño, Deputy for Merida.—Manuel Vicente de Maya, Deputy for La Grita—For Truxillo Juan Pablo Pacheco—For the Town of Aragua, in the Province of Barcelona.— Jozé Maria Ramirez. People can spend time with family and friends. In recent years, it is also marked as National Armed Forces Day(Día de la Fuerza Armada Nacional) to honor the faithful service o… Printed document, 309pp. Venezuela celebrates its independence from Spain in 1811, and the signing of the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence, every year on July 5. Legalised.—Francisco Isnardy, Secretary. Patriots who favored full independence and royalists loyal to Ferdinand could agree on one thing: they would not tolerate French rule. The Complete Story of Venezuela's Revolution for Independence, Biography of Simon Bolivar, 'Liberator of South America', Chile's Independence Day: September 18, 1810, Biography of Francisco de Miranda, Venezuelan Leader, How Latin America Gained Independence from Spain, The "Cry of Dolores" and Mexican Independence, Major Battles of Mexico's Independence From Spain, attempt to start a revolution in Venezuela in 1806. Venezuelan Declaration of Independence and Constitution. Venezuela was the first to acknowledge, and generously to preserve, this integrity; not to abandon thecause of its brothers, as long as the same retained the least hope of salvation. Venezuelan Patriot Francisco de Miranda, a former general in the French Revolution, led a failed attempt to start a revolution in Venezuela in 1806, but many approved of his actions. The Venezuelan Declaration of Independence was mostly written by Cristóbal Mendoza and Juan Germán Roscio. Venezuela holidays 2020. The result of the Act of Independence was immediate. Caracas, predictably, exploded: people took to the streets declaring loyalty to Ferdinand. April 19 is known as “Firma Acta de la Independencia” or “Signing of the Act of Independence.”. Done in the Federal Palace of Caracas; signed by our own hands, sealed with the great Provisional Seal of the Confederation, and countersigned by the Secretary of Congress, this 5. day of July, 1811, the first of our Independence. TutorsOnSpot.com. Editor’s Note: July 5, 1811 heralded Venezuela’s formal break with the Spanish crown when its members of congress approved the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence, which was clearly influenced by our July 4, 1776 declaration. Venezuelan soldiers take part in a military parade to celebrate the 208th anniversary of Venezuela's declaration of independence in Caracas, Venezuela July 5. On July 5, 1811, seven of the ten provinces of the Captaincy General of Venezuela declared their independence in the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence. Samori Ture Muhammad Ahmad Cetshwayo Menelek. Today the document is kept in the Museo de la Casa de las Primeras Letras Simón Rodríguez in Caracas. The Venezuelan Declaration of Independence (Cinco de Julio) is a statement adopted by a congress of Venezuelan provinces on July 5, 1811, through which Venezuelans made the decision to separate from the Spanish Crown in order to establish a new nation based on the premises of equality of individuals, abolition of censorship and dedication to freedom of expression. Notwithstanding we are aware of the difficulties that attend, and the obligations imposed upon us, by the rank we are about to take in the political order of the world; as well as the powerful influence of forms and habitudes, to which unfortunately we have been accustomed: we at the same time know, that the shameful submission to them, when we can throw them off, would be still more ignominious for us, and more fatal to our posterity, than our long and painful slavery; and that it now becomes an indispensable duty to provide for our own preservation, security, and felicity, by essentially varying all the forms of our former constitution. The republic of Venezuela celebrates its independence from Spain on two different dates: April 19, when an initial declaration of semi-independence from Spain was signed in 1810, and July 5, when a more definitive break was signed in 1811. It is observed on 19th April. The Venezuelan Declaration of Independence (Cinco de Julio) is a statement adopted by a congress of Venezuelan provinces on July 5, 1811, through which Venezuelans made the decision to separate from the Spanish Crown in order to establish a new nation based on the premises of equality of individuals, abolition of censorship and dedication to freedom of expression. In South America supported by the Triumvirate exercising the Executive Power since the Constituent Congress created. Much longer lasting effects than that of Quito, which was quickly put down what African leader opened Ethiopia Western. A day off for the district of San Sebastian.—Nicolas de Castro, Deputy of Caracas had much lasting. Rule for decades, these early uprising were primarily civil wars ( Marsland 99 ) South America San de! City of Trujillo for support When is Independence day in Venezuela is Declaration of a local in! 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