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Ege Bölgesi. Property names are listed in the language in which they have been submitted by the State Party. The Aegean Sea[a] is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between the Balkanian and Anatolian peninsulas. Which Countries Have A Coastline On The Black Sea. The larger islands have some fertile valleys and plains. [36] Alongside Greece, Turkey has also been successful in developing resort areas and attracting large number of tourists,[37] contributing to tourism in Turkey. [13], The current coastline dates back to about 4000 BC. The Aegean Sea extends from the Sea of Thrace to the Sea of Crete. Albania, 2. The Aegean Sea is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea, and covers about 214,000 square kilometres (83,000 sq mi) in area, measuring about 670 kilometres (420 mi) longitudinally and 390 kilometres (240 mi) latitudinal. Zbornik Matice srpske za društvene nauke: (1961), Volumes 28–31, Administratively, the Greek Dodecanese also contains, Yagar, D., 1994. Description: This map shows Aegean Sea islands. Malta, 15. Tear gas shot two ways over migrants at Turkey-Greece border President Erdogan plans to be in Brussels on Monday for a one-day working visit, his office said amid a charged conflict between Turkey and the European Union over migrants and refugees. In the year 324, Turkey’s largest city Istanbul, then called Byzantium, was given the title of New Rome by Roman Emperor Constantine the Great. The disputes fall into different categories: Which island/rock belongs to what country. Persians, Romans, Byzantines, Venetians and Ottomans lived here as well. The Mycenaeans introduced several innovations in the fields of engineering, architecture and military infrastructure, while trade over vast areas of the Mediterranean, including the Aegean, was essential for the Mycenaean economy. Its focus was located southwest of today's temblor between the islands of Naxos and Santorini. Countries One Country Away From Aegean Sea. [23] Fish captured include sardines, mackerel, grouper, grey mullets, sea bass, and seabream. Tags: Adil Karaismailoğlu, AEGEAN, aegean sea, East Mediterranean, Eastern Mediterranean, greece, Greece news, Greek MFA, Greek news, Karaismailoğlu, Mediterranean, Turkey Previous Article A Saudi Twitter campaign to boycott Turkish-made products has damaged businesses in … Thus ending any further attempt of western expansion by the Achaemenid Empire. "The Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint-John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse on the Island of Pátmos". The physical oceanography of the Aegean Sea is controlled mainly by the regional climate, the fresh water discharge from major rivers draining southeastern Europe, and the seasonal variations in the Black Sea surface water outflow through the Dardanelles Strait. Crete commanded the sea lanes of the Eastern Mediterranean and functioned as a forward base and haven for Muslim corsair fleets that ravaged the Byzantine-controlled shores of the Aegean Sea. Criteria: ... Heritage Committee or of the World Heritage Centre or of the Secretariat of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its boundaries. At its deepest point east of the island of Crete, the Aegean reaches a depth of 11,627 feet. Islands of the Aegean Sea - Crete (Greece) - Euboea (Greece) Island Groups of the Aegean Sea - Cyclades Islands - Dodecanese Islands / Southern Sporades - North Sporades Islands - Northeast Aegean Islands - Saronic Islands. The Aegean Sea has been historically important, especially in regards to the civilization of Ancient Greece, who inhabited the area around the coast of the Aegean and the Aegean islands. FILE - In this Friday, Feb. 28, 2020 file photo, migrants arrive with a dinghy accompanied by a Frontex vessel at the village of Skala Sikaminias, on the Greek island of Lesbos, after crossing the Aegean sea from Turkey. Aegean Sea tourist map . The Empire of Nicaea, a Byzantine rump state, managed to effect the Recapture of Constantinople from the Latins in 1261 and defeat Epirus. Other islands include Rhodes, Karpathos, Kythera, Kasos, and Antikythera. The Anatolian peninsula marks the eastern boundary of the sea, while the Greek mainland marks the west. EXTENT. Library of Congress. The Venetians, who ruled many Greek islands in the High and Late Middle Ages, popularized the name Archipelago (Greek: αρχιπέλαγος, meaning "main sea" or "chief sea"), a name that held on in many European countries until the early modern period. Italy After 1600 BC there is very close commerce with Egypt, and Aegean things find their way to all coasts of the Mediterranean. Just off the coastline of northeastern Crete the sea reaches a maximum depth … Many of the islands are volcanic, and marble and iron are mined on other islands. [34] The islands of Santorini, Crete, Lesbos, Delos, and Mykonos are common tourist destinations. The sea was known in Latin as Aegaeum mare under the control of the Roman Empire. 1025x747 / 207 Kb Go to Map. In July 1956 the region was shattered by a magnitude 7.7 quake. Turkey has a long history dating back to ancient times. One chain extends across the sea to Chios, another extends across Euboea to Samos, and a third extends across the Peloponnese and Crete to Rhodes, dividing the Aegean from the Mediterranean. [5] The Turkish name for the sea is Ege Denizi, derived from the Greek name. Santorini (Greek: Σαντορίνη, pronounced [sandoˈrini]), officially Thira (Greek: Θήρα ) and classic Greek Thera (English pronunciation / ˈ θ ɪər ə /), is an island in the southern Aegean Sea, about 200 km (120 mi) southeast from Greece.Its the largest island of a small, circular archipelago, which bears the same name and is the remnant of a volcanic caldera. Login. The sea reaches a maximum depth of 3,544 meters, to the east of Crete. ... Damage from Earthquake in Aegean Sea Format News and Press Release Source. km, it's bordered in the northeast by the Dardanellas Strait, and in the south by the Ionian Sea, Mediterranean Sea and the island of Crete. At least eight people have died in total across Turkey and Greece after an earthquake struck the Aegean Sea near both countries. The certification is awarded for beaches and marinas meeting strict quality standards including environmental protection, water quality, safety and services criteria. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Southern Aegean beaches on the Turkish coast include Muğla, with 102 beaches awarded with the blue flag, along with İzmir and Aydın, who have 49 and 30 beaches awarded respectively. A strong earthquake struck Friday in the Aegean Sea between the Turkish coast and the Greek island of Samos, killing at least 14 people and injuring hundreds amid collapsed buildings and flooding, officials said. Bodies of Water Connected to the Aegean Sea 43; Serv. Go back to see more maps of Aegean Sea. The sea's maximum depth is 3,543 metres (11,624 ft), located at a … After the death of his successor, Malik Shah I, the empire was divided, and Malik Shah was succeeded in Anatolia by Kilij Arslan I, who founded the Sultanate of Rum. Informationen anfordern. Euboea, the second-largest island in Greece, is located in the Aegean, despite being administered as part of Central Greece. The Venetians created the maritime state of the Duchy of the Archipelago, which included all the Cyclades except Mykonos and Tinos. Max. Profile Quizzes Subscribed Subscribe? Along with the Greeks, Thracians lived among the northern coast. In the Italo-Turkish War of 1912, Italy captured the Dodecanese islands, and had occupied them since, reneging on the 1919 Venizelos–Tittoni agreement to cede them to Greece. [26], The Aegean islands within the Aegean Sea are significant tourist destinations. Description. Under Presian I and his successor Boris I, the Bulgarian Empire managed to obtain a small portion of the northern Aegean coast. According to the International Hydrographic Organization, the limits of the Aegean Sea as follows:[8], Aegean surface water circulates in a counterclockwise gyre, with hypersaline Mediterranean water moving northward along the west coast of Turkey, before being displaced by less dense Black Sea outflow. Region of Turkey. The Aegean sea is connected to the Sea of Marmara by the Dardanelles, also known from Classical Antiquity as the Hellespont. In this region existed the Cretan and Peloponnese civilizations, and the first city-states like Athens and Sparta were founded here by the Greeks. The Ottoman Empire held a presence over the sea for over 500 years, until it was replaced by modern Turkey. Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. Turkey argues that Greece is claiming the Aegean Sea economically as purely Greek, even though Turkey has a greater length of coastline in the eastern Mediterranean. Four Killed, 120 Hurt as Magnitude 7.0 Earthquake in Aegean Sea Jolts Turkey, Topples Buildings. The Archaic period followed the Greek Dark Ages in the 8th century BC. The Second Bulgarian Empire achieved similar success along, again, the northern and western coasts, under Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria. At the head of this society was the king, known as wanax. Skip to main content. Date of Submission: 16/01/2014. Although some species are defined as protected or threatened under EU legislation, several illegal species such as the molluscs Pinna nobilis, Charonia tritonis and Lithophaga lithophaga, can be bought in restaurants and fish markets around Greece. They resulted in Roman control or influence over the eastern Mediterranean basin, including the Aegean, in addition to their hegemony in the western Mediterranean after the Punic Wars. The Black Sea outflow moves westward along the northern Aegean Sea, then flows southwards along the east coast of Greece.[9]. Several seas are contained within the Aegean Sea; the Thracian Sea is a section of the Aegean located to the north, the Icarian Sea to the east, the Myrtoan Sea to the west, while the Sea of Crete is the southern section. The Mycenaean Greeks arose on the mainland, becoming the first advanced civilization in mainland Greece, which lasted from approximately 1600 to 1100 BC. Later in its history, the country became part of the Ottoman Empire. Go back to see more maps of Aegean Sea. The Aegean Sea Earthquake. The bays and gulfs of the Aegean beginning at the South and moving clockwise include on Crete, the Mirabello, Almyros, Souda and Chania bays or gulfs, on the mainland the Myrtoan Sea to the west with the Argolic Gulf, the Saronic Gulf northwestward, the Petalies Gulf which connects with the South Euboic Sea, the Pagasetic Gulf which connects with the North Euboic Sea, the Thermian Gulf northwestward, the Chalkidiki Peninsula including the Cassandra and the Singitic Gulfs, northward the Strymonian Gulf and the Gulf of Kavala and the rest are in Turkey; Saros Gulf, Edremit Gulf, Dikili Gulf, Gulf of Çandarlı, Gulf of İzmir, Gulf of Kuşadası, Gulf of Gökova, Güllük Gulf. In ancient times, navigation through the sea was easier than travelling across the rough terrain of the Greek mainland, and to some extent, the coastal areas of Anatolia. The most populated of the Aegean islands is Crete, followed by Euboea and Rhodes. A strong earthquake struck close to the Greek island of Samos in the eastern Aegean Sea off the coast of Turkey Friday, resulting in a lot of damage and at least 37 deaths. The Aegean Islands can be divided into several island groups, including the Dodecanese, the Cyclades, the Sporades, the Saronic islands and the North Aegean Islands, as well as Crete and its surrounding islands. Also covers Greece, western Turkey, and Cyprus. The Aegean Sea is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between the Greek and Anatolian peninsulas.The sea has an area of some 215,000 square kilometres. Aegean sea, Griechenland. Given all of its historic advancements in the fields of politics, art, philosophy, science, and mathematics, Greece and Greek culture is considered to have played a monumentally important role in terms of the shaping and development of Western civilization. Fish are Greece's second-largest agricultural export, and Greece has Europe's largest fishing fleet. Coastal areas of Izmir were damaged by the tsunami that followed. The Aegean Sea experiences many quakes, among them the strongest temblor recorded during the 20th century in Greece. A. Cassander became king of the Hellenistic kingdom of Macedon, which held territory along the western coast of the Aegean, roughly corresponding to modern-day Greece. Some islands have a volcanic origin, most of them have fertile soil covered by dense Mediterranean flora. Its focus was located southwest of today's temblor between the islands of Naxos and Santorini. The dense Mediterranean water sinks below the Black Sea inflow to a depth of 23–30 metres (75–98 ft), then flows through the Dardanelles Strait and into the Sea of Marmara at velocities of 5–15 cm/s (2–6 in/s). The industry has been impacted by the Great Recession. depth: 3.540 m (11.600 ft) Temperature: Winter: 14 -16°C Summer: 25°C : Salinity: 39.1 – 39.2%: Area: 214.000 km² (83.000 mi²) The Aegean Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea. [38] The ancient city of Troy, a World Heritage Site, is on the Turkish coast of the Aegean. What to do in the Aegean Sea: Discovering the islands; Geography and winds of the Aegean Sea. The region was the site of two great ancient civilizations, those of Crete and Greece . Analysis[10] of the Aegean during 1991 and 1992 revealed three distinct water masses: The climate of the Aegean Sea largely reflects the climate of Greece and Western Turkey, which is to say, predominately Mediterranean. Greece was then liberated by Allied troops. Illsley on October 31 2018 in World Facts. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Aegean Region. Popular Quizzes Today. The Byzantine Empire launched a campaign that took most of the island back in 842 and 843 under Theoktistos, but the reconquest was not completed and was soon reversed. [22] The central port serves ferry routes to almost every island in the eastern portion of Greece, the island of Crete, the Cyclades, the Dodecanese, and much of the northern and the eastern Aegean Sea, while the western part of the port is used for cargo services. Greece had entered the Hellenistic period. The Aegean Islands, which almost all belong to Greece, can be divided into seven groups: Many of the Aegean islands or island chains, are geographically extensions of the mountains on the mainland. In Mediterranean countries economic growth is slow and the national income is low compared to Western and Northern Europe. The nation is also influential economically as well as politically due to its position at the geographical intersection of three continents; Europe, Asia, and Africa. Gibraltar, 4. Dank. The Aegean Sea lies between the coast of Greece and Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey). Ancient Towers of the Aegean Sea. The Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age civilization on the island of Crete and other Aegean islands, flourishing from around 3000 to 1450 BC before a period of decline, finally ending at around 1100 BC. The impact of natural and anthropogenic factors on groundwater quality in an active volcanic/geothermal system under semi-arid climatic conditions: The case study of Methana peninsula (Greece), The sea has an area of some 215,000 square kilometres. EverythingAudio RecordingsBooks/Printed MaterialFilms, VideosLegislationManuscripts/Mixed MaterialMapsNotated … During the Greek Dark Ages, writing in the Linear B script ceased, vital trade links were lost, and towns and villages were abandoned. Aegean Sea lies in between Turkey and Greece. Countries on the Aegean Sea - Greece Travel Guide - Turkey Travel Guide. Facebook Twitter Pinterest Aegean Sea basin countries include Greece, Turkey, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Bulgaria. Both of these islands have strong associations with ancient Greek history and myth in that Crete features significantly in the myth of Theseus and the Mino… Which Countries Have A Coastline On The Aegean Sea? The Aegean Sea experiences many quakes, among them the strongest temblor recorded during the 20th century in Greece. Refugee crisis: Royal Navy ship dispatched to Aegean Sea to turn back migrants. According to the fifth book of the Christian New Testament (Acts of the Apostles) the Turkish city of what is now known as Antakya served as the home of the very first community of Christians. Country: Turkey: Area • Total: 93,139 km 2 (35,961 sq mi ) Located in western Turkey, it is bordered by the Aegean Sea to the west, the Marmara Region to the north, the Central Anatolia Region to the east, and the Mediterranean Region to the south. Algeria, 5. An estimated 2 million tourists visit Santorini annually. We find Cretan vessels exported to Melos, Egypt and the Greek mainland. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, In ancient times, the sea was the birthplace of two ancient civilizations – the Minoans of Crete and the Myceneans of the Peloponnese.[15]. Pages 110-119, UNESCO. A few decades ago, during the "1987 crisis" Greece and Turkey came very close to Armed Conflict over disputed drilling zones in the Aegean Sea. Large detailed map of South Aegean Sea. About Aegean Sea: The … Technol., Dokuz Eyltil Univ., 329 pp. It is the first time since the 2017 Aegean Sea earthquake that there are earthquake-related deaths in Greece. The Aegean Region (Turkish: Ege Bölgesi) is one of the 7 geographical regions of Turkey. A strong earthquake in the Aegean Sea between the Turkish coast and the Greek island of Samos killed 19 people and injured more than 700 amid collapsed buildings and flooding. After Alexander the Great's death, his empire was divided among his generals. The largest cities are Athens and Thessaloniki in Greece and İzmir in Turkey. The Aegean Sea is an important historic and economic body of water located between the nations of Turkey and Greece. As of 2007, the Port of Thessaloniki was the second-largest container port in Greece after the port of Piraeus, making it one of the busiest ports in Greece. The Aegean Sea would later come to be under the control, albeit briefly, of the Kingdom of Macedonia. Tunisia, 19. Rate: Nominate. "Monasteries of Daphni, Hosios Loukas and Nea Moni of Chios". by mg10 Plays Quiz not verified by Sporcle . The Greco-Italian War took place from October 1940 to April 1941 as part of the Balkans Campaign of World War II. By C.L. An arm of the Mediterranean Sea , the Aegean Sea lies between the countries of Greece and Turkey. The Aegean Sea groundwater itself has a high salinity content leading one to think that the soil would be infertile due to the volcanic region, but actually has an equilibrium with its soil content structure making it able to grow fertile crops on land that would seem infertile. Secretary-General António Guterres is saddened by the loss of life and damage caused by the powerful earthquake in the Aegean Sea on Friday. Israel, 24. 3.74; Scriptores rerum mythicarum Latini, ed. It is 380 miles long with a surface area of 82,600 square miles. By the 6th century BC several cities had emerged as dominant in Greek affairs: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, and Thebes, of which Athens, Sparta, and Corinth were closest to the Aegean Sea. Unfortunately, the “demilitarization of the Aegean Sea” is one of the most contentious disputes between the two countries. Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. The German troops evacuated Athens on 12 October 1944, and by the end of the month, they had withdrawn from mainland Greece. In ancient times, navigation through the sea was easier than travelling across the rough terrain of the Greek mainland, and to some extent, the coastal areas of Anatolia. Retrieved 30 September 2012. Morocco, 6. Which Countries Have A Coastline On The Mediterranean Sea? This was demonstrated recently in Turkish Admiral Cihat Yaycı’s new book, Requirements of Greece: The problems in the Aegean with questions and answers. Turkey, 20. It was followed 13 minutes later by a magnitude 7.2 aftershock. Greece became divided into small self-governing communities, and adopted the Phoenician alphabet, modifying it to create the Greek alphabet. [14], The subsequent Bronze Age civilizations of Greece and the Aegean Sea have given rise to the general term Aegean civilization. Description: This map shows where Aegean Sea is located on the World map. It was followed 13 minutes later by a magnitude 7.2 aftershock. The Aegean Sea is part of the Black Sea, on the western side of the Greek peninsula, 214,000 km2 of water around the Greek archipelago. It consists of states such as Spain, Portugal, Italy, Slovenia, and Malta. France is considered 928x997 / 586 Kb Go to Map. According to the Network of Managers of Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean (MedPAN), four Greek MPAs are participating in the Network. The civilization of Mycenaean Greeks perished with the collapse of Bronze Age culture in the eastern Mediterranean, to be followed by the so-called Greek Dark Ages. After Constantinople was occupied by Western European and Venetian forces during the Fourth Crusade, the area around the Aegean sea was fragmented into multiple entities, including the Latin Empire, the Kingdom of Thessalonica, the Empire of Nicaea, the Principality of Achaea, and the Duchy of Athens. Libya, 12. 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